Asked April 08, 2021, 3:10 PM EDT
Ramsey County Minnesota
Thank you for writing. I share your pain. My wife and I have lived in our home for 38 years when two years ago, a majestic oak was hit by lightning. We mourned the loss of the tree more than the hole in the roof and I went on an aggressive search for fast growing trees.
Balsam Poplar will grow 3-5 feet per year.
Elms that are resistant (not immune) to Dutch Elm disease (Princeton and St. Croix) will grow 3-5. Ours does.
Hackberry 1-2 feet/yr
Silver maple more than 2 feet
Red maple 1-2 feet
Pin oak 2 feet
The all time speed record is the hybrid poplar at 5+ feet per year. https://extension.umn.edu/natural-resources-news/hard-working-hybrid-poplars
A couple comments. The bigger the plant the faster it will grow. Meanwhile, bacteria are eating the roots of your Norway maple and they consume a huge amount of nutrients as they do so. Double or triple fertilize for three years so that they do not starve your new tree. Ask the planter to dig out as much of the root of your old tree as possible.
I hope this is helpful.